China has a vast territory and a long history. It not only has various natural landscapes and historical relics but also has a rich food culture. Chinese cuisine can be divided into eight flavors, including sweet and sour and hot and sour.
The following is a list of the top 15 Chinese dishes at home and abroad:
Dumplings have always been an indispensable Chinese dish on New Year’s Eve, especially in the reunion dinner in the northern region. It was invented by Zhang Zhongjing, a Chinese medicine saint 1800 years ago, to treat frostbitten ears. Nowadays, people mix chopped pork, chicken, lamb, or beef with chopped vegetables to make fillings, which are then wrapped in thin dumpling skins, and then the wrappers are formed into ear shapes. During the Lunar New Year, people also pack brown sugar, coins, dates, or peanuts for a good omen.
Yangzhou fried rice
Yangzhou fried rice is undoubtedly one of the most famous Chinese dishes and is very popular throughout the country. As the name suggests, the root of Yangzhou fried rice is Yangzhou, Jiangsu. Its origin can be traced back to the Spring and Autumn Period and the Warring States Period (770-476 BC). Rice and eggs are two important ingredients. Yangzhou fried rice with ham, shrimp, and peas is not only delicious but also colorful, which can stimulate the appetite of diners.
Kung Pao Chicken
Kung Pao Chicken is one of the top ten delicacies in China, not only very popular among Chinese. Its sweet and sour taste and a little spicy special flavor are also very popular abroad, and this dish has even become synonymous with Chinese food for most foreigners. The main ingredient of Kung Pao Chicken is diced chicken. Stir-fry chicken with peanuts and dried chilies to make it tender and crispy, spicy but not burning.
Chow Mein is the Cantonese pronunciation of fried noodles. It is one of the best Chinese dishes, usually made from noodles, onions, thinly sliced meat, green peppers, and green onions. First, the noodles need to be boiled to 90%. After cooling, fry the noodles and other ingredients until golden brown. If there is no complicated preparation, for most Chinese people, fried noodles are usually the first choice for supper.
Yuxiang Pork Shreds
Despite the word “fish” in the name, neither fish nor fish sauce can be used to cook this dish. The taste of fish comes from a variety of seasonings, including broad bean paste, salt, sugar, cooking wine, soy sauce, and starch. People cut lean pork into thin slices, add seasoning sauce, and stir-fry the meat with lettuce, dried fungus, garlic, and ginger. The spicy and refreshing taste makes fish-flavored shredded pork one of the most popular Chinese dishes in rice.
Sweet and sour pork ribs
It is another famous Chinese dish that is especially popular among women and children. The pork is usually coated with starch and will be stirred in boiling tomato sauce at the end. Hence, the sweet and sour fish fillet is intense in sweet and sour taste, and the juicy pork is wrapped in crispy skin, which can get you a particular taste.
Scrambled eggs with tomatoes
For most Chinese people, scrambled eggs with tomatoes are undoubtedly the number one dish in Chinese cuisine. The recipe is simple and only contains eggs, tomatoes, oil, and salt. People in the southern regions often substitute sugar for salt. After finishing, bright red tomatoes, yellow and fluffy eggs can always satisfy the appetite of diners. Besides, this dish is rich in juice. Mixing broth with rice is another popular way of eating.
It is a famous Chinese dish in Sichuan cuisine. Its spicy flavor best reflects the characteristics of this category. It is said that this course was invented in 1862 by a woman named Chen Mapu, hence the name. To enrich the flavor, in the last step, drizzle the red hot soup, ground beef, and chopped green onions on the soft tofu.
The Chinese believe that hot pot is the first choice for holding a dinner party because it can satisfy everyone’s taste. As the name suggests, a hot pot is cooked in a large iron pot, which can be heated continuously when placed on the pot. After boiling the cooked soup, people put the thinly sliced meat and various vegetables into the pot and wait for it to be cooked. Spicy Chongqing hot pot and Beijing instant lamb are two representatives of Chinese hot pot.
The method of making spring rolls is very similar to dumplings. People pack minced meat, vegetables, or sweet bean paste into dough wrappers and then fold them into cylinders. Then fry until golden brown. For people living in the southern region, it is customary to eat crispy spring rolls on the day that “spring begins”, which is one of the 24 solar terms, usually in February.
Steamed vermicelli noodles
Steamed rice noodles is another popular traditional food in China. This is a small portion of food, usually in a small steamer or small plate.
There are many types of this dish, such as ordinary steamed rolls, dried shrimp steamed rolls, and Chinese fried steamed rolls.
It is a traditional snack that originated in northern China. They are also very popular in the South. Even its name “Wonton” comes from Cantonese. Wontons have various packaging, fillings, and cooking methods, with various local flavors.
This is Beijing cuisine that is world-renowned. High-quality duck meat, grilled with charcoal, has a reddish appearance, crispy skin, and tender meat. It is called “the delicacy of heaven”.
Instead of cooking pork by deep-frying, because pork consumes a lot of oil and is easy to cook, it is boiled in water. The coating made of egg white and starch can maintain the freshness and tenderness
Fried Shrimp with Cashew Nuts
This is another popular dish among Chinese foreigners. Its name says it all. You will get the tenderness of peeled shrimp and the crispness of cashew nuts. Shrimp is always tender, juicy and easy to handle.