1- What is hard water?
Hard water has a higher mineral content than regular water. Hard water is usually formed when water passes through sediments of lime, chalk, or gypsum that are mostly made up of magnesium and calcium carbonate, bicarbonate and sulfates. These minerals do not dissolve in water; instead, they form scale and clog the pipes making this water unhealthy to drink.
The term was actually derived from a French term referring to water that contains large amounts of dissolved matter. It came into use around the 18th century as an industrial term meaning saltwater.
One should note that hard water has a very high mineral content, and this contributes to its bad taste and smell. This high mineral content is due to the scale and clogging the pipes. Also, this water can make your hair and skin feel rough and itchy. Hence, mineral deposits make filtration difficult.
By referring to all these reasons, you may not find a problem in drinking or using this highly concentrated water, however, over the long run they can have a serious and unhealthy effect on your body and health. For that reason, this article will explain to you why you should get a water softener as well as instructing you to what types they are made available and how they work.
2- What are Hard water problems?
Certain mineral ions are the main origin of the hard water, the most frequent ones calcium and magnesium that are beneficial to our health, but also bring about many hard water issues like scale buildup, as hard water enters your home it encounters three kinds of stress:
- Pressure change
This causes dissolved mineral ions to come out of solution and form tree branch shaped calcium carbonate minerals that have an electrostatic charge, this charge causes the minerals to stick to surfaces the water comes in contact with, leading to scale buildup, this damaging scale forms throughout your plumbing faucets fixtures and major appliances, this buildup of scale greatly reduces efficiency and life expectancy of appliances resulting in :
- Early failure
- Repeated maintenance calls,
- Costly replacement.
3- What is a water softener?
A water softener is a mechanical device that removes certain metal ions such as calcium and magnesium from the water supply. These ions are not waste products as they are already bound to the other minerals in the water supply and so do not add to the hardness of the water. The reduced amount of sodium and potassium in the water supply also reduces the number of acids that are released into the atmosphere.
Hence, the reduced amount of acid wastes in the environment improves the quality of the soil that the plants in that area grow in, and the reduced acid wastes mean a decrease in the amount of pollution. Not only this but also, these devices help you in having clean water to consume in your house and reduced the chances of you consuming hard water
The soft water that a water softener produces can be of different types. Some water softeners produce hard water with magnesium and calcium ions replaced with sodium and potassium. At the same time, others produce hard water with magnesium and iron ions replaced with sodium and potassium.
Some are reversible, which means that the machine can be turned on and off, so that it only uses electricity when the supply of the minerals in the water is low and then turns off, providing the water with a constant flow of sodium and potassium. This type of water softener requires an electric outlet and a drain to allow the minerals to exit the unit.
4- Types of Water Softeners
- Submersible ionizers
There are also several types of water softeners, including the submersible ionizers, which are plugged right into your main water line. These softeners use sodium or potassium salts to soften your water.
- Osmosis softeners
There are also reverse osmosis softeners that are plugged into your faucet. These use semi-permeable materials that only allow water molecules through, preventing dirt and sediment from getting through.
- Carbon block softeners
There are also carbon block softeners that use activated carbon, or carbon that has been treated with a resin, so it is porous, allowing only water molecules through. And most reverse osmosis softeners will use some form of mechanical removal unit.
- Salt Based Water Softeners Vs No-Salt Water Softeners
Hard water isn’t a new problem for more than 100 years, the solution has been a salt-based water softener, unfortunately, massive amounts of salt are dumped into softeners, and might adversely impact your health and our environment, through the procedure called ion exchange.
Softeners remove the healthy beneficial hardness minerals of calcium and magnesium, replacing them with sodium during the backwash cycle, which could waste up to 120 gallons of water, softeners flush out those minerals and any remaining sodium with well and septic systems, that salt might wind up in groundwater and back into your well with city sewers, it flows to a wastewater treatment facility, and then to our lakes streams and rivers damaging our environment as a result, some areas restrict or even ban the use of salt-based water softeners.
The main problems caused by salt based softeners are:
- Softeners waste hundreds of gallons of water in backwash cycles
- boost your sewage bills
- involve buying heavy bags of salt
- in addition to high maintenance costs,
- No-salt water Softeners benefits
Fortunately, there is an alternative, the no salt conditioner is an innovative and effective solution to solving your hard water problems, the system is installed wherever your water line comes into your home through a thin wire wrapped, around this pipe a vast assortment of frequencies are sent through the water, causing molecules to become agitated, this forces some of the mineral ions to come out of solution rather than the sticky tree-branch shape that ends in scale buildup, the minerals form a disk shape that no longer sticks to plumbing faucets or appliances, as a consequence, the water isn’t quite as saturated with mineral ions.
This not only prevents new scale from forming, but allows room in the water to dissolve present scale and remove it from your plumbing and appliances improving their life expectancy.
The no-salt water conditioner will make it possible for you to see to your hard water problems without using salt or chemicals it doesn’t waste a drop of water leaves all the beneficial minerals in the water and will help save you hundreds of dollars every year on bags of salt and service calls.
5- Why should you get one?
In fact, if you are reading this article, chances are you have hard water deposits in your home. Hard water is potable water that contains an excess of calcium and magnesium, which are two minerals that are usually found in drinking water. If you have read more about the effects that these substances cause to your health, you have good reasons as to why it is so important to clean your water via a softener device.
Let’s face it, we are concerned about our health and that of our loved ones, and we all want to do what all that it takes so that we can remain healthy if you were ever wondering about why would go for a softener device, then the answer would be absolute yes! You should get one! These devices will provide you with a constant amount and flow of clean and filtered water.
And if you think that hard water does not cause harm, you may be right; they do not cause instant issues to the health. However, the buildup of the substances can be serious and affect you on the long haul and make you consider your past choices.
-Below, we discuss the utility of these devices and when and where it is best to install one:
First, let’s discuss the issue of what kind of unit would be best suited for your household. You can get a device that you place in your washing machine or a device that you mount directly onto the faucet that comes out of your water heater.
The type of unit that you choose would depend on how often you are going to be using it. If you rarely use hot water, you probably don’t need anything else. Place the unit on your water heater, and it would do the job. However, if you use hot water frequently, either by showering or by doing the dishes, you might want something a bit more advanced.
For example, if you take a lot of baths, you would use far more water than someone who rarely uses a bath. Therefore, in essence, you would be using a lot more water to get the same result. Therefore, if you are concerned about using hard water, it may be a good idea to get a device that mounts to your faucet and then forces the hard water out through the pipes. This makes it possible to use only clean water while also ensuring that you have a constant supply.
Another thing to consider is how often you get your shower. In the long run, it’s cheaper to get a unit for your whole house than to have a separate unit for each shower in your house. You might even save money if you have more than one unit.