Diabetes often develops imperceptibly, so it is important to recognize its early symptoms, in order to deal with it before it develops into complications.
With timely access to medical care and lifestyle changes, this disease can be controlled and the severe health consequences of infection can be avoided.
In her report, published by “Good House” in its Russian version, the writer Anastasia Nikiforova stated that the blood sugar level in people with prediabetes is higher than the normal level, but less than the rate that indicates Having diabetes.
Without lifestyle changes and adherence to appropriate treatment, these precursors may progress to diabetes about 5 years after the first signs appear.
Type 2 diabetes develops unnoticed, so it is easy to miss its symptoms, especially in the early stages, which can sometimes lead to blindness and amputation.
Type 2 diabetes early symptoms and precursors
High blood sugar causes stress to the kidneys, which work to get rid of excess glucose by excreting it in the urine, and this makes people with prediabetes go to the bathroom a lot, especially at night.
Frequent urination leads to dehydration of the body, which generates a constant feeling of thirst. Even with plenty of water, the body still needs fluids. Dehydration is often accompanied by a deficiency of potassium, magnesium and other minerals, which the body loses with urine.
The signs of prediabetes aren’t just thirsty. Constant hunger may be a precursor to type 2 diabetes as well. The digestive system converts food into simple sugars that the body then uses as fuel. In people with diabetes, glucose in the bloodstream cannot cross the cell walls. As a result, even after eating a heavy meal, people with diabetes and prediabetes feel constant hunger.
Constantly feeling tired
In patients with type 2 diabetes, the ineffective absorption of glucose deprives the tissues of the body of nutrients, resulting in a feeling of constant fatigue and lethargy.
The presence of an excessive amount of sugar in the blood results in damage to blood vessels and capillaries, which negatively affects the sense of sight.
Slow wound healing
Excess blood sugar damages the walls of blood vessels and capillaries, causing the body to lose sufficient nutrients that ensure cell renewal. This causes slow wound healing, which carries a very high risk of infection.
Numbness, tingling, or pain in the extremities
The presence of sugar in the blood affects blood circulation, damaging nerve endings and causing pain, numbness and tingling in fingers or limbs in people with type 2 diabetes. This condition is called neuropathy, and it can worsen over time, like other symptoms.
Localized darkening of the skin
The skin may change color in some areas of the body and become thick. This usually occurs at the level of the neck, armpits, skin, groin, joints, and elbows.
Itching and fungal infections
An excessive level of glucose in the blood and urine can serve as food for fungi and yeast, which in turn can cause some infections.
Why should diabetes be diagnosed in time?
The earlier diabetes treatment is started, the fewer complications a person with diabetes can face later on. It is necessary, to change lifestyle and diet, and start controlling blood sugar levels to control the disease.
People with diabetes often have comorbidities:
- heart problems
- nerve damage
- Leg problems
- Kidney disease that may require dialysis
- Loss of sexual function in both men and women
Risk factors for type 2 diabetes
Everyone is susceptible to diabetes, but lifestyle, dietary habits and level of physical activity remain major factors in the development of the disease. Adopting a healthy lifestyle is essential for all people, regardless of age group or physical activity.
Among the risk factors are:
- over the age of 45
- Adopting an unhealthy lifestyle
- Being overweight or obese
- Improper nutrition
- genetic factor