Cystitis: causes and symptoms, and what to do if it burns?

Written by Dana Peterson
Cystitis is painful and distressing, but the symptoms are easy to treat.
Cystitis is painful and distressing, but the symptoms are easy to treat.

It burns when urinating, you have to go to the toilet all the time and your abdomen hurts, what are Cystitis causes and symptoms?

Cystitis is uncomfortable and annoying for those affected. Women often suffer from bladder infections in the cold season – but summer is also a popular season for urinary tract infections. Because: In summer you often get hypothermic without really noticing it. If you are prone to bladder infections, it is enough, for example, to sit on a cold beer garden bench in a thin summer dress. In combination with too little liquid, bacteria have an easy time of it. Therefore it is said: act fast! What are the symptoms of cystitis and how to get rid of them quickly?

Cystitis: causes in women

Cystitis, also known as cystitis, can be very nerve-wracking. The constant urge to go to the toilet is painful and brings little relief. In addition to the strong burning sensation when urinating, usually only a few drops of urine can dissolve. The constant urge to use the toilet restricts everyday life enormously. Almost every second woman has cystitis at least once in her life. The reason for this is the anatomy of the woman. A woman’s urethra is much shorter than that of a man, which makes it easier for pathogens to penetrate the urinary bladder.

How does an inflammation of the bladder develop?

In the majority of cases, the main cause of a bladder infection is intestinal bacteria, which move via the tube towards the bladder and cause an inflammation of the bladder wall there. These are almost always so-called E. coli bacteria, which are part of the normal intestinal flora. However, if they get into the urethra, inflammation can develop. As a rule, the body can defend itself against these germs in a natural way. However, if it is weak or the immune system is weakened, the body’s natural protective mechanisms are insufficient to fight off cystitis.

If the cystitis is not treated in time and delayed, the pathogens will continue to rise from the urinary bladder via the ureter, and inflammation of the kidneys may develop.

Cystitis: symptoms

In order not to drag on cystitis, action should be taken at the slightest abnormality. The following symptoms indicate cystitis:

  1. Constant need to urinate
  2. Burning sensation when urinating
  3. Usually only urine drop by drop is possible
  4. Intense smelling, cloudy urine
  5. Lower abdominal pain

If the bladder infection is very advanced, blood may even be visible in the urine. If symptoms such as fever and lower back pain occur, the inflammation may have already spread to the kidneys. In this case, a visit to the doctor is inevitable.

Live healthily: small tricks that have a big impact

portrait of happy beautiful happy youngwoman relaxing in park. Joyful female model breathing fresh air outdoors and enjoying smell in a flower spring or summer garden, vintage tone.
portrait of happy beautiful happy youngwoman relaxing in park. Joyful female model breathing fresh air outdoors and enjoying smell in a flower spring or summer garden, vintage tone.

Basically, a bladder infection is not to be trifled with. In addition to the unpleasant pain that cystitis brings with it, it can quickly develop into kidney inflammation and, in the worst case, cause blood poisoning. If a bladder infection is diagnosed, it usually has to be treated with antibiotics. In addition, the recovery can also be supported by observing the following:

  • Drink a lot (2-3 liters daily)
  • Warmth in the form of hot water bottles and warm hip baths
  • Do not delay going to the toilet
  • Thorough intimate hygiene
  • Cotton underwear – synthetic underwear creates a microclimate that supports the growth of bacteria and fungi

Above all, it is important to drink a lot. Because even if urination is painful, frequent emptying of the bladder is very important for recovery. The germs are flushed out and the inflammation disappears. Many women swear by cystitis in addition to still water on special teas for the bladder and kidneys, the active ingredients of which stimulate urine excretion so that the pathogens are flushed out more quickly. The herbal active ingredients found in tea include, for example, birch leaves or bearberry leaves.

Cystitis: Home Remedies for the Pain

Anyone who feels the first signs of slight cystitis can try to get this under control with home remedies in advance. However, if symptoms get worse, a visit to the doctor should not be delayed too long. Those who carry off a urinary infection run the risk of worse inflammation. With the help of herbal home remedies, cystitis is not only stopped in the early stages, they can also be taken in conjunction with a medically prescribed treatment.

It is no longer a secret that cranberries work against cystitis. The berry not only provides important antioxidants such as vitamin C and iron, but also has an antibacterial effect. Cranberry can be taken in the form of capsules, tablets, or juice. The latter, however, should definitely be mother juice. Although it is much more intense and without additional sweeteners, it also has a better effect.

Herbal teas made from dried bearberry leaves or birch leaves are also good home remedies for cystitis. They are said to have a hard rubbing effect and they can be consumed as an additional liquid in addition to still water.

In addition to sufficient fluids, apple cider vinegar, for example, can be used. It is not only popular as a fat burner called switchel, but can also work against approaching cystitis. Mix a tablespoon of apple cider vinegar with lukewarm water three times a day and drink. The antibacterial effect works wonders.

Friends of mineral salts also like to use the Schuessler salt potassium sulfuricum.

Prevent cystitis

In general, if you drink a lot, go to the toilet regularly and adhere to a certain level of hygiene, you protect your bladder from cystitis. Even those who go to the toilet promptly after sexual intercourse will avoid the possible rise of germs in the urethra.

In summer, it is also advisable to put on a dry bikini or bathing suit after bathing in the lake or in the sea so that the abdomen stays nice and warm and there is no hypothermia. It’s also best to avoid sitting on cold park benches or chairs – or put a jacket underneath.

Since intestinal bacteria often lead to urinary tract infections, the correct wiping technique after using the toilet is also one of the preventive measures to prevent cystitis. To prevent the bacteria from spreading, the genital area should always be cleaned from front to back.

A strong immune system can fight off any possible bladder infection. To support this, a balanced diet is essential.

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About the author

Dana Peterson

I'm Dana Peterson, a freelance writer, serial blogger, self-published author of 7 books, and speaker who enjoys enlightening others about unknown and little-known facts.

I'm a mother of two kids, but I've also been a typographer, a film composer, a piano player, a singer in an all-girl rock band. I love writing on cruise ships, or late nights, but also at home in my sunny southern California garden.

Follow me on Twitter and LinkedIn.

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